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EE小组 > 大学生学电子 > 科技英语翻译 > 电子设计新观念:“群计算”
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简介:电子科技英语是很多大学生感兴趣,且愿意用心学习的知识。大家也认为学好电子,那就必须同时学好英语。在这里我们编辑部愿意分享最新科技词汇的翻译,与大家共同进步。

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楼主 ??[讨论]?

电子设计新观念:“群计算”

2011-10-11 16:24

作者:斗大字不识一升
积分:17分

IEF group behavior is the design, says ASV
国际电子产品论坛:群计算的核心是设计

While experts often extrapolate current growth figures and developments to paint futures abundant in technology Professor Alberto Sangiovanni-Vincentelli, of the University of California, Berkeley electronic engineering and computer science department, has cautioned that we must also look at the design challenges that will enable or prevent us getting there.

专家们常常通过对现有增长数据和发展情况的推断来描绘科技行业未来的发展。但加州大学伯克利分校电子工程与计算机科学系教授Alberto Sangiovanni-Vincentelli提醒我们,不能忽视能够帮助或阻止我们实现目标的设计挑战。

In a talk entitled "1000 electronic devices per person, dream or nightmare?" Sangiovanni-Vincentelli, known as ASV, looked forward to a future where the internet-of-things is wireless and ubiquitous but the possibilities of design and unintended interactions are much more complex than today.

在一个题为“每人1000部电子设备,美梦还是噩梦?”的对话中,Sangiovanni-Vincentelli教授(下文简写为ASV)展望了未来,一个互联网无线而普及,但设计和意料之外的交互可能会远更复杂的未来。

ASV was presenting to the International Electronics Forum, organized by market analysis company Future Horizons. "Swarm computing is where the cyber world meets the physical world," ASV said arguing that future machine-to-machine computing will combine both centralized, cloud computing, and distributed computing in a way rarely demonstrated before. And deciding where computation should be done should be done on the basis of energy consumption.

ASV在市场分析公司Future Horizons组织的国际电子产品论坛上表示:“群计算是计算机世界与现实世界相碰撞的地方”。ASV认为未来机器到机器的计算将会以一种之前没怎么演示过的形式合并中心化的云计算和分布式计算。关于计算应该在哪里完成的决定则应该基于能源消耗的角度。

In 2030 ICs will be approaching molecular limits this progress will be accompanied by the birth of societal IT systems including fail-safe objects such as cars do not crash and immersive home entertainment and living systems. Going beyond tire pressure monitoring systems (TPMS) automobile companies are already making strides towards making tires into intelligent adaptive sensors to control and prevent collisions.

到2030年,集成电路将会逼近摩尔定律的极限,这个过程将伴随着社会IT系统(societal IT system)的诞生而到来,后者包括避免车祸的保险系统、身临其境的家庭娱乐和客厅系统。汽车厂商已经超越轮胎压力监测系统(TPMS),将车胎打造成智能自适应传感器,控制并防止碰撞。

"We will have cars that drive themselves in the market within five years. It is going to happen," said ASV albeit without touching on the human aspect of resistance to such changes which must include the perception of safety, responsibility for safety and contractual obligations such as insurance.

“我们将在未来五年内看到自驾驶汽车进入市场。这将会成真”ASV说道,尽管他没有触及这些改变在安全性、安全责任、保险等契约责任方面会遭到的人为阻力。

But ASV did highlight that for this to happen the discipline of design must step up. Complex objects such as automobiles at the latest generations of airplane have millions of lines of software. For cars recalls are frequent and usual for a software fix. "We are on the brink of disaster because of unconsidered dependencies," he said.

不过ASV指出这些若要成真,必须设立设计准则。汽车、上一代飞机等复杂物体都有数百万行软件代码。汽车召回时有发生,并且常常是因为软件问题。ASV认为:“我们正是因为没被考虑到的依赖关系而长期处于灾难边缘。”

A traditional, highly detailed bottom-up approach is destined to fail, he said. "The functionality is the collective behavior. It is time to abandon the component-oriented vision. The swarm of bees or the school of fish; that is the approach we have to take."


传统的,高度细节化的从下往上的途径注定会失败,ASV说道:功能性“是一种集体行为。是时候放弃这种元件导向的视野了。蜂巢和鱼群才是我们应该采取的策略。”

The challenges therefore include learning to cope with heterogeneity and how to use resources on a dynamically changing basis.


挑战在于学习配合异质以及学习根据动态变化的准则调用资源。

最后编辑时间: 2011-10-11 16:25
1楼 ??[讨论]? Re:电子设计新观念:“群计算”
2011-10-11 16:26

作者:斗大字不识一升
积分:17分

Nonetheless, there are lessons to be learned from the VSLI era. "The classical approach to design was decomposition and abstraction. We have to have freedom FROM choice. Restrain choice and the design can become manageable. There must be a new meaning to the phrase system design with power consumption and latency as the driving metrics." 然后VSLI时代依然有值得学习的地方。“经典的设计路线是分解而抽象的。我们必须从选择中解放出来。限制选择,设计才可能变得能够惯例。相位系统设计必须对功耗和驾驶延时有新的认识。” And who will make this design breakthrough? ASV said might not be one of the current EDA leaders and would more likely come from a software leader such as IBM. "The challenge to the use of the swarm is to have an OS that can make efficient use of distributed resources. 那么谁会带来这样的设计突破呢?ASV认为它不会是现在的电子设计领袖,而更可能是IBM之类的软件业领导者。“群计算应用的挑战在于得有一个能有效利用分布资源的操作系统。” When asked if this challenge was essentially the same as that which has faced developers of multicore processors for many years, ASV acknowledged it was. 有人问,这样的挑战在本质上是不是和开发者在很多年里所面临的如何有效利用多核处理器相同时,ASV给出了肯定的回答。
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